COMMUNICATION IS PARAMOUNT

Effective communication is a critical component of good basketball officiating. Officials need to be cognizant about to whom they are communicating. They need to be aware of the communication tools at their disposal. Officials need to employ those tools in a clear and concise manner displaying confidence in a way that is not perceived as arrogant or cocky. And finally officials must be attuned to what needs to be communicated and to whom the communication should be directed.

Below is a communication outline. See what you could add to it.

Further below is a clip where almost everything that could go wrong communication wise does go wrong

Who do officials communicate with?
Scorer
Reporting fouls
Counting baskets
Time outs
Warnings
Timer
Stop the clock
Start the Clock
Start replacement time 20 second
Partners (MOST IMPORTANT)
Foul or violation.
How and where does play resume
Who is the shooter
No shot
Substitutions
Confirm shots on free throw
And a host of other items

Players
Coaches
Spectators

How do officials communicate?

Voice
Whistle
Signals
Body language
Stop the clock

Foul
Intentional
Player control
Team control
Technical
Double
Hand check
Block
Charge
Push
Illegal use of hands
Hold
Violation
Travel
Double dribble
Palming or carry
Travel
3 seconds
5 seconds closely guarded-throw in violation
10 seconds
Back court
Kick
Over and back
Excessively swinging of elbows
Closely guarded count
Time out
30 Second
60 second
Scoring
Award Goal
No score
Points scored 1 or 2
Mark the three point field goal
Three point field goal
Free throw
One and One
Number of free throws- 1, 2 or 3
Free throw 10 second count
Delayed lane violation

Throw- in
Designated spot
Move along the end line
Direction signal

Substitution
Beckon

Held Ball

The video clip below demonstrates a lack of communication on several different levels. Think about how this whole play could have been handled better, communication wise.

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